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Bladder stones or uroliths are rock like deposits of crystals, minerals or organic materials found in the urinary bladder. In dogs and cats, microscopic crystals of these stones cause inflammation of the bladder, but if they grow in size they can obstruct the outflow of urine partially or completely. The latter condition where urine outflow is totally plugged is life threatening for your pets.
Signs of bladder stones in dogs and cats
Remember not all dogs and cats with bladder stones show signs!
There are different types of bladder stones and various factors lead to formation of such different types of stones. Some contributing factors are:
Sometimes vets may find bigger bladder stones by feeling them with fingers through the abdominal wall, but this method does not always find all stones. More sensitive methods of diagnosis are X-ray, ultrasound, urinalysis and urine culture.
Determining the type of bladder stone might be necessary for a proper treatment. Your vet may recommend you one or more of the following treatment options: